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Torula sp.

Mitosporic fungus. Hyphomycetes.
Distribution Where Found Mode of Dissemination
Ubiquitous;
cosmopolitan.
Found most frequently in temperate regions.
Approx. 8 species.
Soil, dead herbaceous stems, wood, grasses, sugar beet root, groundnuts and oats. Dry spore.
Wind.
Allergen Potential Opportunist or Pathogen Potential Toxin Production
Type I allergies (hay fever, asthma). No reports of human infection. Torula herbarum was cytotoxic in screening tests performed by our laboratory. The nature of the toxin(s) is unknown.
Growth Indoors Industrial Uses Other Comments
Found indoors on cellulose containing materials such as jute, old sacking, wicker, straw baskets, wood, and paper. Not known. Nomenclatural problems: Torula is sometimes confused with the yeast Torulopsis. Torulosis is an old name for cryptococcosis, a disease in humans caused by the yeast Cryptococcus neoformans.
Characteristics: Growth/Culture Notes on Spore Trap Recognition Notes on Tape Lift Recognition
Grows vegetatively on general fungal media but usually requires specialized media for sporulation. Distinctive, not easily confused with other genera. Distinctive, readily identifiable on tape samples.
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