|Mitosporic fungus. Hyphomycetes.|
|Distribution||Where Found||Mode of Dissemination|
Found most frequently in temperate regions.
Approx. 8 species.
|Soil, dead herbaceous stems, wood, grasses, sugar beet root, groundnuts and oats.||Dry spore.
|Allergen||Potential Opportunist or Pathogen||Potential Toxin Production|
|Type I allergies (hay fever, asthma).||No reports of human infection.||Torula herbarum was cytotoxic in screening tests performed by our laboratory. The nature of the toxin(s) is unknown.|
|Growth Indoors||Industrial Uses||Other Comments|
|Found indoors on cellulose containing materials such as jute, old sacking, wicker, straw baskets, wood, and paper.||Not known.||Nomenclatural problems: Torula is sometimes confused with the yeast Torulopsis. Torulosis is an old name for cryptococcosis, a disease in humans caused by the yeast Cryptococcus neoformans.|
|Characteristics: Growth/Culture||Notes on Spore Trap Recognition||Notes on Tape Lift Recognition|
|Grows vegetatively on general fungal media but usually requires specialized media for sporulation.||Distinctive, not easily confused with other genera.||Distinctive, readily identifiable on tape samples.|
|Definitions | References | Commentary|